Guaiacum officinale is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium. Guaiac is a natural resin extracted from the wood of the Guaiacum officinale plant . The basis of the test depends on the presence of the heme moiety from the. Synonyms, Guajacum officinale L. Common names, gayak, gayak fran, frazostrae , pokhout, guaiacum, lignum-vitae tree, arbre de vie, bois saint, gaïac, gaïac.

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The plant is grown from seed.

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Guaiacum officinale is the national flower of Jamaica. Views Read Edit View history.

Light Blue Medium Blue. Cultivated tree in Hawaii Photograph by: Right plant wrong place. Rather dated, so many of the names have been changed since then. The tree also has great ornamental value guaiafum beautiful blue flowers grow in great profusion and almost cover the tree and remain for a long time. An extremely valuable timber is obtained from the guziacum. Steel and tube mills are made using lignum-vitae in increasing amounts to replace brass and babbit metal for bearings in roller mills and pumps, as the initial cost is less than metal, the life is several times longer, and lubrication is unnecessary[ ].

Guaiacum officinale – Tree of Life

The genus, Guaiacum, is taken from the tree’s Caribbian name. David Guaiscum Leaves Photograph by: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Home Find plant View crop. For more information about QR Codes click here. The leaves are compound, broadly oval and rounded at the tip. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.


The wood is remarkable for the direction of its fibres, each layer of which crosses the previous diagonally[ ]. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. Where it still occurs, populations are now severely reduced. Some information cannot be used for commercial reasons or be modified but some can.

Native to the Caribbean and the northern coast of South America, Lignum Vitae or Guaiacum officinale is a small and slow-growing tree of about 3 m tall and 60 cm in trunk diameter, with a dense crown and crooked bole.

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Resin is applied to the tooth for a toothache, and applied externally for rheumatism. Lignum Vitae, Guaiacum, Guayacan. This is a QR code short for Quick Response which gives fast-track access offixinale our website pages.

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Your comments The flower labeled Tree of Life is Lignum Vitae Small tree Photograph by: Each leaf is composed of 2 or 3 pairs of smooth, stalkless leaflets arranged on a slender mid-rib. It can be killed by temperatures of 1?


It has been introduced into India and Ghana. The guaiaccum portion of hemoglobin contains peroxidase and will catalyze the oxidation of guaiaconic acid when hydrogen peroxide is placed on the Guaiac card if blood is present in the stool.

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The leaflets are cm in length. The great strength and tenacity of the ghaiacum, combined with the self-lubricating properties due to the resin content, make this wood especially adapted for bearing underwater. Tolerant of moderate levels of salt in the soil[ ]. Regeneration is good but growth is very slow. The flowers have five petals which yield a bright yellow-orange fruit with red flesh and black seeds.

Guaiacum officinale Lignum Vitae, Guaiacum, Guayacan PFAF Plant Database

Propagation Seed – Cite as: It resists rot caused by insects and moisture so effectively that remains of Lignum vitae wood used as posts for dwellings by Taino Indians discovered in Tutu, St.

Please view the copyright link for more information. It is also added to edible oils officinalf prevent acidification. Due to this fact, it is used against sore throut and gout.

The tree is essentially evergreen throughout most of its native range.