In , Sir Thomas Gray, a Northumbrian knight and constable of Norham castle , was ambushed and captured by the Scots. Imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. 13 Sep Abstract. Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is. Thomas Gray in the ‘ Scalacronica,’ and now trans lated by the Right Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart., continued. THE King being eager for arms and glory, and .

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He became Earl of Menteith by consent of his niece, daughter of his elder brother, who, after his death at another time, became countess. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Spotted a problem with this article? Then he told him how the enemy had blocked the narrow roads in the forest. Related articles in Google Scholar. He had not more than six-and-twenty men-at-arms with him, and perceived that he could not avoid an encounter.

The said King Edward, who had nearly all the people of Scotland in his power and possession of their fortresses, came before Stirling Castle, invested it and attacked it with many different engines, and took it by force and by a siege of nineteen weeks!

Gilbert de Middleton in the bishopric of Durham, plundered two Cardinals who came to consecrate the Bishop, and seized Louis de Beaumont, Bishop scalaxronica Durham, and his brother Henry de Beaumont, because the King had caused his [Gilbert’s] cousin Adam de Swinburne to be arrested, because he had spoken too frankly to him about the condition of the Marches.

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Sir Thomas Gray, Scalacronica, – | The English Historical Review | Oxford Academic

Katherine during his Gray’s time, the fore-court of the said castle was betrayed by one of his men, who slew the porter [and] admitted the enemy [who were] in ambush in a house scaalacronica the gate. Thereupon it was decided by the knights [present that he should go to Norham, as the most dangerous [and] adventurous place in the country. International students Research degrees.

However, as King notes, although the prologue sets out a plan for a history of Britain, the Scalacronica is a acalacronica chronicle from the creation of the world which includes summaries of the histories of Israel, Troy, and Rome, and within each part chronicles events not only in England and Scotland, but also in Rome, Germany, France, and Spain.


They captured and killed many; many horses lay dead, scalqcronica that svalacronica they [the English] been on horseback, scarcely one would have escaped. Finally, the Scalacronica has been widely regarded as a ‘chivalric’ chronicle, embodying the values of medieval romance. They had subdued all Northumberland by means of the treachery of the false people of the country.

Thence the King went by sea to Berwick and afterwards to the south. Furthermore, both the father and son were prominent in the administration of the Marches, so the Scalacronica has an obvious – but hitherto unrecognised – relevance to current historiographical debates on the role of the gentry. Views Read Edit Scalxcronica history. Scalacrlnica, a close analysis of Gray’s text reveals that while he admired and respected acts of martial heroism, his attitude to the trappings of fourteenth-century chivalric culture was highly disdainful, and even cynical.

The King of England undertook scarcely scalacroniica against Scotland, and thus lost as much by indolence as his father had conquered; and also a number scalacronuca fortresses within his marches of England, as well as a great part of Northumberland which revolted against him. It would be wearisome to tell the story of the less [important] of his combats in the said castle.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. It was started whilst he was imprisoned by the Scots in Edinburgh Castleafter being captured in an ambush in Octoberand completed in England after his release. Don’t already have an Oxford Academic account?

Scalacronica. Translated by Sir Herbert Maxwell. (Mac- Lehose and Sons,

This King Edward the Second after the Conquest bestowed great affection during his father’s life upon Piers de Gaveston, a young man of good Gascon family; whereat his father became so much concerned lest he [Piers] should lead his son astray, that he caused him [Piers] to be exiled from the realm, and even made his son and his nephew, Thomas of Lancaster, and other magnates swear that the exile of the said Piers should be for ever irrevocable.

The men who had been surrounded in the scakacronica, perceiving their chieftain coming in this manner, dashed across the ditches and ran to the fields against the said enemy, who were obliged to face about, and, then charged back upon them [the skirmishers].

The English squadrons being thrown into confusion by the thrust of pikes upon the horses, began to flee.


The younger Gray has a good deal to tell us about the unhappy reign of Edward II. The curious title of Sir Thomas’s work has an heraldic significance. The enemy, perceiving him coming in good order, left the skirmishers among the old walls and drew out into the open fields. The said Thomas, with his people, who were very well mounted, struck spurs to his horse, and charged the enemy right in the centre of their column, bearing many to the ground in his course by the shock of his horse and lance.

Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: a medieval chronicle and its historical and literary context

Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: The enemy mounted their horses and formed for action, thinking that they [the English] could not escape from them. Don’t have an account? The King sent the captain of the castle, William Oliphant, to prison in London, and caused the knights of his army to joust before their departure at the close of the siege.

Dr Andy King has therefore done historians a good turn in re-editing this unusually interesting chronicle, annotating it and providing text and translation on scaacronica pages in the modern way. His advanced guard was encamped a league distant in a hamlet.

Peres Lebaud, a Gascon knight, was Sheriff of Edinburgh, from whom the people of Thomas Randolph, Earl of Moray, who had besieged the said castle, took it at the highest part of the rock, where he suspected no danger. Then, turning rein, came back in the same manner and. Those who went with him were saved; all the rest came to grief. The said King Edward planned an expedition to these parts, where, in [attempting] the relief of the castle of Stirling, he was defeated, and a great number of his people were slain, [including] the Earl of Gloucester and other right noble persons; and the Earl of Hereford was taken at Bothwell, whither he had beaten retreat, where he was betrayed by the governor.

Depositor Login Administrator Login. Zoom page 13 July They evacuated it [the forecourt] and burnt scalacronlca, after failing to mine it.

So, with the approval of his people, he took the road straight towards the ambush, having given his grooms a standard and ordered them to follow behind at not too short interval.